Successful learners know their preferences, their strengths, and their weakness, and effectively utilize strengths and compensate for weakness regardless of their "natural" preferences. (Ehrman & Oxford, 1990)


Extroverts (E) used social strategies consistently and easily, while introverts (I) rejected them.

Sensing (S) students displayed a strong liking for memory strategies; intuitives (N) were better at compensation strategies.

Thinkers (T) commonly used metacognitive strategies and analysis, while feelers (F) rejected such strategies; and feelers used social strategies while thinkers did not.

And judgers (J) rarely used the affective strategies that the perceivers (P) found so useful.

Myers – Briggs Characters Type Results